Science vs. Religion


In the quest to know of the origins of the earth and man...
Which world-view is right?

Today in America there are two predominate world-views seeking to explain the history of the world. One is the religious view offered by Christian theologians based on faith-centered interpretation of scriptural evidence. The other is the naturalistic view offered by Scientists based on a "logical" interpretation of empirical evidence.

At BYU both of these views are entirely represented in the science and religion departments respectively.

Which do you find yourself believing more?

The religious take on history:


  • 5000-4000 B.C.   God, having power over atoms and element, creates complex life on earth, in a perfect immortal condition and places it in the Garden of Eden.  He finishes and declares his work “Good” sometime around six to seven thousand years ago.
  • 4000 B.C.   Adam’s sin brings death to the world.  The world “falls” from its perfect, immortal state.
  • 4000 B.C.  Adam is expelled from the Garden of Eden, which is located in Jackson County Missouri.  Adam-ondi-Ahman is a mountainous region at this time (D&C ??  ), and is located near the “Sea East” (Moses ?? ).  Adam’s posterity, and thus civilization radiates out from this area and is still concentrated in that region after 1000 years (Moses ?? Enoch scripture)
  • 3960 B.C.   Adam is taught by God to read and write, he in turn teaches this skill to his children, who begin recording a book of remembrance (Moses ??     ).
  • 3960 B.C.   Adam and his descendants raise livestock and cultivate grains (Moses??  )
  • 3500 B.C.?  Adams descendants become masters in working metal such as brass and iron. (Gen 4:22)   They also make musical instruments such as the harp and organ.  (Gen 4:21)
  • 3000 B.C.   God translates the city of Enoch about four thousand years ago; the righteous from that time until the flood are likewise translated in preparation for the world’s destruction (Moses ??)
  • 4000-2400 B.C   Pre-flood patriarch life spans average 900 years.  Something changes at the flood to make them slowly begin to shorten.
  • 2444 B.C.  God baptizes the earth in the flood that kills “all that is on the dry land”, save Noah, his family, and the animals with him on the arc. (Gen ??  )
  • The world then begins to be repopulated by Noah and his family.  His descendants all speak the same language and are concentrated in the land of Shinar (Assyria) & Egypt.
  • The descendants of Noah possess full knowledge of reading, writing, metallurgy and civilization.
  • 2330-? B.C.   Egypt is first settled by Egyptus after the flood (Abr. 3: ?).  When she finds the land, it is still underwater.
  • 2160? B.C.  The earth is divided in the days of Peleg, about a hundred years after the flood (Gen. 10: ?, D&C 133: ??)
  • 2100 B.C.   The Brother of Jared heads north from Shinar (Assyria) where “never man had gone before” on his way to the great ocean that separates the continents.
  • 2100 B.C.   North America is settled for the first time since the flood by the Brother of Jared and his group.  They bring livestock, bees and grains to repopulate the continent.
  • 2000 B.C.   The Jaredites exhibit a high level of sophistication.  They grow fruit and grain, and have all manner of livestock.  They manufacture silks, and fine linen.  They smelt gold, silver, and steel.  (Ether 7:9)   They also use horses, donkeys, elephants, and cureloms and cumoms (ref).
  • 2000 B.C.   A money system using precious metals is firmly established by Abraham’s time.  (Gen 23:15-16)
  • 2000 B.C.   Silver and gold are smelted in the time of Abraham. They are used for jewelry such as earrings and bracelets.  (Gen 13:2)
  • 1600 B.C.   Iron, brass, tin and lead are used by the time of Moses. (Lev 26:19, Num 31:22)
  • 1544? B.C. The children of Israel grow to be a great people in the land of Egypt, numbering several million
  • 1517 B.C. Moses is sent by God to foretell and carry out the command to entirely destroy the kingdom of Egypt, and lead the Israelites to Palestine.
  • 1000 B.C.   Steel is specifically mentioned as being used for bows at the time of David.
  • 1000 B.C.  David and his son Solomon rule the entire Middle East.  The climate is much more fertile and is described as a land flowing with milk and honey (Ref  ??  ).
  • 800 B.C.  By this time Israel has lost much of its power in the region and Assyria begins to raise up in the north as a major world power.
  • 7?? B.C.  Assyria attacks and destroys the Northern Kingdom of Israel.  Its people are transported to foreign lands and from there scattered among “the north countries”. (ref   ??)
  • 600 B.C.  Lehi’s group and the Mulekites flee Israel just prior to its destruction and sail to America.  Sometime after their arrival the former inhabitants (the Jaredites) are completely destroyed and these new groups become the population stock for all future American peoples. (reword)
  • 580 B.C.  Babylon conquers Assyria and becomes the major world power.  It then attacks the Southern Kingdom of Judah and carries its inhabitants away into Babylon as prisoners.
  • 550 B.C.  Much like Joseph in Egypt, David becomes second in command to Nebecaneezer, the king of the most powerful country in the world.  He exerts much influence and spreads Israelite culture throughout the kingdom.  After 70 years in captivity many of the Israelites return to set up the nation once again.
  • 500 B.C.  At this point the bible ends and written history becomes abundant and trustworthy.

The Naturalistic take on history:


  • 3 billion years ago – First life on earth appears in the form of single celled organisms such as protista and Eukarotic cells.
  • 570 million years ago – Cambrian Explosion occurs, marked by the abrupt appearance of complex life in the fossil record.  Every major phylum on earth today, is represented.
  • 438 million years ago – First land plants and land invertebrates appear in fossil record.
  • 360 million years ago – Development of amphibians and insects.
  • 320 million years ago – Appearance of early reptiles
  • 245 million years ago – Development of conifer plants
  • 208 million years ago – appearance of fist birds and the rise of the dinosaurs.
  • 65 million years ago – First flowering plants evolve.
  • 45 MYA   First Anthropoids evolve in Africa or Eurasia
  • 25 MYA   First ape-like hominoids evolve
  • 5 MYA   Divergent evolution begins between humans and apes (latest shared ancestor)
  • 3.5 MYA   First erect walking bipeds (hominoids or early human's) evolve
  • 2.5 MYA   Humanoids learn to use stone tools.
  • 1.5 MYA   First Homo Erectus species evolves
  • .5 MYA   Humans learn to kindle fire
  • 400,000 BC   Sites in England & Germany show hunting occurred
  • .2 MYA   First Homo Sapiens evolve in Africa or Asia
  • 120,000 BC   Neanderthals evolve
  • 90,000 BC   Fish nets from the Congo found
  • 50,000 BC   Bone and rock tools become prevalent, oldest stone spear tips found
  • +20,000 BC   Cave paintings, sewing needles, bow and arrow are invented
  • 20,000 BC   First inhabitants of North America cross the Bering Straights from Asia
  • 10, 000 BC   Early Archaic culture raises up in North America
  • 8000 BC   First cultivation of grains/farming, Alcoholic fermentation invented
  • 7000 BC   Early use of pottery
  • 6000 BC   Early use of linens (man goes from animal furs to woven fabrics)
  • 5000 BC   Irrigation developed, First use of copper, First corn cultivation
  • 4500 BC   Early ships and sailors in Mesopotamia and Egypt
  • 4000 BC   Development of plowing and first domestication of horses
  • 4000 BC   Sumerian /Acadian culture rises in Babylonia (peaks 2330 BC)
  • 4000 BC   Some have carbon dated the pyramids of Egypt to this date.
  • 3500 BC   Early number systems developed, First use of carts with wheels
  • 3100 BC   Early development of writing
  • Archaic Kingdom of Egypt (3100-2700 BC)
  • 3000 BC   Stonehenge built, Minoan Civilization rises in Crete (3000-1400 BC), stone plows found
  • 2950 BC   The oldest living tree (a bristle cone pine in West U.S.) starts growing
  • 2800 BC   Development of the Calendar by Babylonians
  • 2700 BC   Old Kingdom of Egypt rises (2700-2200 BC) capitol is Memphis.
  • 2550 BC   The Great Pyramids of Egypt are built
  • 2500 BC   Beginnings of glass, libraries, long distance trade, and domestication of camels.
  • Early Indus Valley Civilization rises. (it is destroyed by Aryans in 1500 BC)
  • 2400 BC   Rise of first Chinese Civilizations
  • 2300 BC   Invention of paper
  • 2050 BC   Middle Kingdom of Egypt (2050-1800 BC) capitol is Thebes
  • 2000 BC   The Aramaens move into Israel from the north
  • 1750 BC   Hamarabi's Code established. (first modern system of law)
  • 1620 BC   Rise of the Hittite Empire (1620-1350 BC) although they existed from 3000 BC
  • 1500 BC   The Hindu "Vedas" are written. (some say 1700 or 1500-1200 BC)
  • 1450 BC   The Myceneaen Civilization rises in Greece and Crete.
  • IRON AGE  
  • 1400 BC   The Hittites begin smelting Iron.
  • 1100 BC   The Dorians conquer Mycenaean Greece
  • 1050 BC   The Phoenicians (the Canaanites) found Tyre and Sidon (Lebanon) and Carthage in Libya.
  • 800 BC   Rise of the Medes who later conquer Assyria with Persia.
  • 600 BC   The first coinage money system is invented